KAJANG TRIBES - SOUTH SULAWESI
Kajang tribes is one of the traditional tribes, located in South Sulawesi - Bulukumba district, around 200 kilometers east of the city of Makassar. Awning area is divided into eight villages, and 6 hamlets. But keep in mind, the awning in the two geographically, the awning in the (tribal awning, they are called "tau awning") and awning outside (people who dwell around tribal awning relatively modern, they are called "the people who dwell around tribal awning relatively modern, they are called "tau dent").
Regional awning outside is an area which can receive technological civilization such as electricity, unlike the case with the awning in who can not accept civilization, which is why in the awning in no electricity not only that, if we want to get into the park area Ammatoa (awning in) us not allowed to wear sandals this is due sandals made of technology.
Not only is it home form in the awning and the awning outside is very different. In the outside awning kitchens and discard the water located in the rear of the house as well as the houses in general, do not like the awning in the (department Ammatoa) that put the kitchen and discard the water front.
This is because during the war the soldiers awning often go home residents to find a meal that is why the kitchen and urinate placed in front of the house is not only that so soldiers do not see the son of the owner of the house because the soldiers assume any yamg inside the house was hers ,
Kajang area is also famous for their customary law is very thick and it still applies today. They distanced themselves from everything related to matters of modernization, economic activity and government Bulukumba. Probably caused by the relationship of indigenous peoples with the forest environment which always rely on indigenous merekayakini worldview.
Black is a custom color condensed sanctity and when we enter the area of clothing Ammatoa we have to be black. The black color has a meaning for Peoples Ammatoa as a form of equality in all things, including the similarity in simplicity. no black color is better between one another. All black is the same.
The black color indicates the strength, equality for everyone before the creator. The similarity in the embodiment of birth, address the state of the environment, particularly the preservation of forests that must be guarded keasliannnya as the source of life. Therefore, we created this paper to investigate life in one of the villages in the awning that Lem'banna village.
Amidst the rampant illegal logging by elements irresponsible lately, viewed the practice of life-Kajang tribe or also called Ammatoa-indigenous peoples in preserving its forest area as if to give a glimmer of hope for the preservation of the natural environment.
Ammatoa indigenous peoples who live in Bulukumba, South Sulawesi, manage forest resources in a sustainable manner, although geographically the area is not far away (about 50 km) from the center of economic activity and government Bulukumba. This is caused by the relationship of indigenous peoples with their forest environment is based on a view of life that is wise, that treats forests as a mother who must be respected and protected (Suriani, 2006).
Geographically and administratively, Kajang people divided into Kajang and Kajang Outside In. Indigenous Kajang In scattered in several villages, including the village of Tana Toa, Bonto Baji, Malleleng, Pattiroang, Stone Nilamung and partially mined Village area. Indigenous Peoples Region Kajang In the overall borders the Deaf in the north, with Limba in the east, with Seppa in the south, and by Doro in the west. Meanwhile, Foreign Kajang spread throughout the District Kajang and several villages in the subdistrict Bulukumba, including Jojolo Village, Village Tibona, Bonto Minasa and the village of Stone Lohe (Aziz, 2008).
However, only people living in the area of Kajang In that still cling to the traditional entirely Ammatoa. Practicing their way of life is very simple to reject all things technology. For them, technology objects can have negative impacts on their lives, because they are damaging the sustainability of natural resources. Communities who always wore black clothes is then referred to as indigenous peoples Ammatoa (Widyasmoro, 2006).
Kajang tribal communities located in Bulukumba, South Sulawesi province. Bulukumba is a county located in the 'legs' of Sulawesi Island, approximately 200 km south of Makassar, capital of South Sulawesi province.
ABOUT KAJANG TRIBES
Kajang tribal house-shaped house on stilts, not much different shape with tribal house Bugis-Makassar. The difference, every house is built facing west. Building a house against the direction of the rising sun is believed able to give a blessing.
Black is a custom color condensed sanctivity and when we enter the area of clothing Ammatoa we have to be black. The black color has a meaning for Ammatoa people, as a form of equality in all things, including the similarity in simplicity. no black color is better between one another. All black is the same. The black color indicates the strength, equality for everyone before the creator. The similarity in the embodiment of birth, address the state of the environment, particularly the preservation of forests that must be guarded keasliannnya as the source of life.
In the case of marriage, the Kajang people bound by customary laws that require married fellow indigenous people in the region. If not, then they must live outside the customs department, the exception for couples who are willing to follow all the rules and customs applicable in the customs area. Other taboos are made goods enter humans living outside the area of customs and influences as well as other forms into the customs area (Adhan, 2005: 283)
Kajang customary land with typical culture into tourist attractions in Kab.Bulukumba. Kajang tribal community center located in the hamlet Fortress, which is characterized by the presence Ammatoa house, the indigenous leaders are always attended by the visitors to learn about the tribe awning.
The language used by the tribal population Kajang is a language that Konjo-Makassar dialog.
Two Basing musical instrument which is a wind instrument of bamboo resembles a flute. Basing music is usually performed after the funeral service at the Kajang tribe in South Sulawesi. This documentation series of recordings made on Music Indonesia Program Series Volume 18 "Sulawesi: Music for a Festival; Cemeteries and accompaniment to Work "in the hamlet of the village of Tana Toa Janaya district. Kajang district. Bulukumba South Sulawesi September 1996. This production generates an audio CD and cassette published by the Society for the Performing Arts of Indonesia in cooperation with Simthsonian Institution.
Pabitte Passapu, This dance is a traditional feast Tribe Kajang. It is the traditions of the Kajang, which pitted headband.
Kamase-mase of simplicity
THE MHYTS OF KAJANG TRIBES
- If there is an outsider coming into the tribal region awning, and did not ask for permission and do things that are not fair then it will apply Doti on the person. Doti sort of reading that can cause death.
- According to myth there, birds awning human embryo is driven by To Manurung as Ammatoa then is why the area is called the "RATE Kajang"
- Prohibition made it home with the raw material is brick. According to attach it adalahpantang because only the dead who were in the grave is flanked by land. The house is the raw material of bricks though its owner was still alive but in principle they thought was dead or in a language ballpark was dead, because it is surrounded by land.
One typical meal is rice with awning parts of four colors. Eight pieces of the offerings that had been prepared in the booth put together following the edge of the fields. Four-color offerings of rice, side dishes, fruits blessed by Ammatowa in Rumatang ceremony.
At the ceremonial lunch on the edge of paddy fields have certain requirements. Rice is prepared to be of black rice. Because this kind of rice is the first time can be planted by their ancestors. The ceremony continued with a lunch a type of liquor drinking typical South Sulawesi called "ballo"
Kajang tribe is the tribe who still exist to their traditional rituals until today. Although now many tribal leaving the customary ritual. Tribe awning is also a very tribal can not accept change even if only slightly. They consider that the change violated customary law that created by their ancestors.
Tribe unique, natural, simple, beautiful nature, the woods were still awake, and others, make the awning is one faforit cultural tourism. One thing that makes travel delays there are, fears outsiders from entering the awning. Because hearing the awning itself will fear "dotinya", a kind of magic and supernatural powers that can be deadly. In addition, the "tau awning" own little enclosed with outsiders