NORTH SULAWESI VOLCANO
Coordinates : 1.36°N /124.86°E
Summit Elevation : 1324 m / 4,344 ft
Type : Stratovolcano
Tomohon city - North Sulawesi, Indonesia, The elongated Mahawu volcano lies immediately east of Lokon-Empung volcano. It is the northernmost of a series of young volcanoes along a SSW-NNE line near the margin of the Quaternary Tondano caldera. Mahawu is capped by a 180-m-wide, 140-m-deep crater that sometimes contains a small crater lake, and has two pyroclastic cones on its northern flank. Less active than its neighbor, Lokon-Empung, Mahawu's historical activity has been restricted to occasional small explosive eruptions recorded since 1789. In 1994 fumaroles, mud pots, and small geysers were observed along the shores of a greenish-colored crater lake.
Elevation : 1.580 m - ( 5.184 ft
Coordinates : 1°21′30″N 124°47′30″
Type : Stratovolcano.
Last eruption : 2012 to 2013
Mount Lokon is devided in two craters such us Empung Crater (old one)and Tompaluan crater (new one), it is a twin volcano (2.2 km or 1.4 mi apart) in the northern Sulawesi, Indonesia, roughly 10 km (6 mi) south of Manado. Both rise above the Tondano plain and are among active volcanoes of Sulawesi. Mount Lokon has a flat and craterless top. It's active crater is located on it's foot, named "Tompaluan" crater. Lokon formed during aperiod of andesitic volcanism on ring fractures resulting from the Tondano caldera's early to mid-Pleistocene collapse. Recently erupted material remains andesitic in composition and consists of ash plumes and, lesscommonly, pyroclastic flows and lava domes.
At all recent eruptions have originated from the Tompaluan crater which lies in the saddle between the two peaks. When most people say they climbing for Lokon, it means that they visited the crater and most guides will think you only want to go to the crater, instead of the top of it.
The route to reach Lokon Mt is mostly passing a dry river bed that is actually an old lava flow from the Mountain. This trip can be quite slippery because the surface is so smooth. It takes 2 to 3 hours to reach the Crater Lake from Tomohon. Most people stop at the crater rarely go to the summit, for a very good reason.
The steeps slopes of the dome shaped in Lokon Mountain is quickly become dominated by 8 ft tall grasses that are razor-sharp. It is highly suggested for you to wear some gardening gloves and long trousers. If it is possible, you should also bring a machete to hack away the worst of the grasses that will be encroaching on the narrow path. The true summit on the relatively flat top is hard to find because of the grasses, but a trail is identifiable that winds through to a high point.
For those who are willing to hike Lokon Mountain but not really sure about the exact information can directly go to the Volcanological Center in Tomohon. Here, you can find out information about the activity of volcanoes in the area and obtain an English speaking guide. There are several guides have quite good knowledge about the history and geology of the area.
However, all the guesthouses and hotels will also be able to provide a guide too. A good thing about the hike to Lokon is that it starts from wherever you chose to stay in Tomohon. You begin by wandering along pleasant country lanes with good views of Lokon, before you have to pass by a small stone quarry and start the climbing to the crater.
For additional info, there is another overgrown crater nears the summit of Lokon, avoid this area and skirt around it to the left to reach the summit area. There is no view from the summit unless you cut away at the grass.
Soputan is a small stratovolcano that rises to an elevation of 1,784m (5,853 ft), and is located on the northern arm of SulawesiIsland in Indonesia. The geologically young and mostly unvegetated cone is primarily constructed of andesite and basalt rock. It sits on the southern rim of the Tondano caldera, which formed in the Quaternary period. The volcano is one of Sulawesi's most active, with 39 confirmed eruptions in the last 600 years. Eruptive activity at Soputan typically consists of pyroclastic flows, lavaflows, lava domes and Strombolian-style explosions.
Historical eruptions have taken place at the summit crater, and Aeseput, a vent on the volcano's north-east flank, which was formed in 1906. The volcano has erupted in: 1450, 1785, 1819, 1833, 1845, 1890, 1901, 1906, 1907, 1908–09, 1910, 1911–12, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1923–24, 1947, 1953, 1966–67, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1989, 1991–96, 2000–03, 2004, 2005, 2005–06, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2015 and 2016.
On the morning of 6 June 2008, Soputan erupted sending pyroclastic flows as far as 4 km down its slopes, and ash 2 km into the air.
An eruption at 21:03 UTC on 2 July 2011 sent an ash column 5,000 metres into the air.
On 6 January 2015, an eruption began when an explosion caused a partial collapse of a summit lava dome, sending an avalanche down the west flank.
On 4 January 2016, the volcano exploded sending an ash plume to 2000m, which prompted authorities to establish a 4 km exclusion zone around the volcano.
Source : WIKIPEDIA
|Elevation||1,995 m (6,545 ft) |
|Prominence||1,850 m (6,070 ft) |
|Coordinates||1°27′12″N 125°01′51″E |
Mount Klabat is the highest volcano on Sulawesi island, located in the east of Manado city, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. A 170 × 250 m wide, shallow crater lake is found at the summit. There are no confirmed historical eruptions of the volcano. A report of eruption taking place in 1683 is thought to have been produced by the Mount Tongkoko volcano instead .
Klabat is the highest mountain in North Sulawesi province. The peak of the Mountain reaches a height of about 2100 meters. This mountain, by Tonsea community (North Minahasa tribe) also called as Mount Tamporok. This mountain is a natural tourist attraction and it can be traced from Airmadidi, the apital of North Minahasa Regency.
Klabat Mountain is a volcano that is no longer active. The top of Mount Klabat has crater shaped with a small lake occupying the clear sparkling water. To hike Klabat through Airmadidi area can be reach within 8 hours of travel.
The word Klabat is taken from the Minahasa language "Kalawat", the dialect from Tonsea "Kalabat". Kalawat is the name of local wildlife which is also called babirusa. This word is mentioned by Portuguese sailors "Calabets" as the name of a mountain on the island of Sulawesi, the word is named as the name of the island that later become Calabes = Celebes and it turn to be Sulawesi.
Mount Klabat is very accessible; it is only 1 hour drive from Manado along the main road towards Bitung by car, and there are regular buses. The starting point for the hike is the town of Airmadidi, which is at an elevation of only 260 m. You are encouraged to register in the guestbook at the police station on the main road. The police can also recommend a guide, although local guides indicated they were planning to set up a small trekking centre office near the police station. The guides can also act as porters and you can rent tents and sleeping bags, and other equipment you require.
The trail is in good condition and it is a steep but steady climb. It is possible to complete the climb as a day hike, although the 1,750 m elevation gain makes this quite challenging. The following are the three popular options from Airmadidi, and require 4 to 5 hours for the ascent and 4 hours for the descent:
Day hike for sunrise is starting at 1 or 2 am. Obviously you need a torch/flashlight and the mental energy to climb through the night.
Day hike from sunrise is starting at 5 am, you climb as the sun rises and hopefully make it to the summit before the midday clouds gather on the summit; and Overnight trekking is tart with enough time to get to the summit to set up camp and see the sunset. It’s better to start early to avoid the heat in the first part of the climb.