Toraja, group of peoples of South Celebes (Sulawesi), Indonesia. At the turn of the 21st century, they numbered roughly 750,000. Their language, with many dialects, belongs to the Austronesian language family.
Toraja ancestor effigy Archaic Toraja tau-tau (visible soul of the ancestor), wood and shell sculpture from Marante, Tondon, Sulawesi, 19th century; in the Honolulu Academy of Arts.Photograph by L. Mandle. Honolulu Academy of Arts, gift of The Christensen Fund, 2001 (10177.1a-k)
The Toraja are believed to be descendants of speakers of Austronesian languages who overran Celebes long ago and absorbed or exterminated the aboriginal population. Muslim Indonesians—most notably, the Buginese—later drove the Toraja into the interior of the island. There the Toraja built their villages on easily defended hilltops for better security during warfare.
TorajaTemporary housing in a Toraja village, constructed for guests and relatives attending a funeral, on the island of Celebes (Sulawesi), Indonesia.© George Holton/Photo Researchers
Most present-day Toraja are Christian or Muslim and live in reasonably accessible villages. They are predominantly farmers with a few industries such as weaving, pottery, wood carving, and ironworking. Traditional bark clothing may still be worn in ritual circumstances; otherwise it has been replaced with Malayan-style cotton attire or shirts, pants, and other garments based on Western models. Historically, the Toraja filed their teeth and adorned themselves with many ornaments.
SOUTH SULAWESI AUTHENTIC
Attraction : Culture – Diving – Snorkeling - Trekking
Tour Area : South Sulawesi – North Sulawesi
Grade : Easy - Intermediate
Start – end : Makassar - Manado
Duration : 06 Days – 05 Nights
DAY 01 : MAKASSAR ARRIVAL - HOTEL
On arrival in Makassar , Having dinner at seafood restaurant on the way from the airort. After the dinner we do transfert you to hotel. See you next day
DAY 02 : MAKASSAR CITY TOUR – MALINO TOUR
Early breakfast , depart for Malino : This fresh and fertile town is located at an altitude of around 850 meters on the slopes of the Bawakaraeng & Lompobatang mountains. Malino is beautiful located, surrounded by pine trees, green rice teraces and waterfalls. Historical viewed Malino was well known as a retreat for colonial Dutch, as the meeting place of East-Indonesian leaders who endorsed the Netherlands’ ill-fated plans for a federation. The town is often visited during the weekends by local Makassar people. Passion fruit grows abundantly here. Malino is situated 75 kms southern of Makassar, there are many sorts of tropical flowers grow in this cold place. Malino also produce fruits and vegetables that are tropically grow on the slops of mount Bawakaraeng.
After lunch return to Makassar .
Than tour to the palace of Gowa Kingdom “Balla Lompoa” and to Sultan Hasanuddin Grave yard, Fortress Somba Opu , then visit Fort Rotterdam and also discover the fascinate of Paotere of kampong nelayan , where to see the local activities of harbor , visit the handycraft center of somba opu. Late afternoon bach to hotel. Dinner at local restaurant.
DAY 03 : MAKASSAR – TORAJA
Breakfast et hotel, transferred to Tana Toraja. En route make several stops to see Pinisi boat construction, fishermen villages and traditional houses. Enjoy a seafood lunch at Parepare at kupa beach restaurant . Evening arrival at Rantepao. Dinner and Overnight at hotel. Sweet dream.
DAY 04 : TORAJA TOUR
Full day tour to visit the Lemo traditional hanging graves. The tombs are man-made caves chiseled out of the rock cliff, adorned by deceased effigies on the tomb's balconies. Visit Makale the capital city of Tana Toraja; Suaya the Royal Cemetery; Sanggala the hanging baby grave on the living tree, Siguntu traditional village and Keteketsu one of the most beautiful Tongkonan traditional houses. As visit the Londa typical grave of a natural cave, and many other interesting places such as Marante and Nanggala. Dinner and overnight stay at hotel. Sweet deram.
DAY 05 : TORAJA TOUR
After breakfast full day tour to visit the cattle market of Rantepao, Bori, Parinding, where you can find the remnant of megalithic culture, Lempo, Batutumonga, the most beautiful rice terraces, Palawa and Sada'an the Tongkonan traditional houses. Lunch at restaurant mentirotiku with beautiful panorama to the rice field . Afternoon return to Rantepao. Dinner and overnight at hotel. Sweet dream.
Please note: the famous funeral ceremony could be seen on either of the day tours in Rantepao.
You will also have the possibility to get close to the local people. Especially in the local markets in Makale and Rantepao. They will be very interested in you as you are in them. This is the beauty of Torajan people. Just be sure to be smiling and show respect for old people.
DAY 06 : TORAJA – MAKASSAR - MANADO
Early morning you will return to Makassar . On the way to Makassar you will remind of how much you have experienced in such a short period of time. There are not many tourists in this area and that is what makes this trip to Sulawesi and Tana Toraja such a unique experience. See it before everybody else. Lunch at restaurant Kenari bukit Indah Arrive in the afternoon and we will directly transfer to the airport. Dinner at local restaurant in Makassar.